MASTER OF ARTS RESEARCH

In 2016 Elise completed a Master of Arts (Research) at Queensland University of Technology (Part-time).

RESEARCH TITLE:

Shifting lenses: Investigating interdisciplinary approaches to the use of the moving image and digital media in live performance.

Masters by Research by Creative Works, Queensland University of Technology

Her research investigated the intersection between traditional modes of dance performance and other screen-based, interdisciplinary and hybrid approaches to the use of digital media and live performance.

ABSTRACT:

The use of digital technologies is becoming ubiquitous in contemporary dance performance practice, however rigorous questioning of the theatrical cohesion of live bodies, visual projections and digital technologies is still in its infancy. Through the lens of an embodied choreographic practice this research examines interdisciplinary perspectives on the intersecting knowledge fields of choreography, moving image, animation, installation and interactive technology. Utilising practice-led strategies, Shifting Lenses, a solo performance installation tested new and experimental relationships between movement vocabularies, digital projection, interactivity, and performance design; leading towards future development at the nexus points where digital technologies meet the body in live performance.

THESIS

To read Elise’s Thesis in full, please view via QUT E-Prints here

Video (above) The Making of Shifting Lenses:
Dance. Moving Image. Animation. Technology.
A live interactive digital solo performance installation; Shifting Lenses is the creative outcome of Elise May’s Master of Arts (Research)

Video (below) Excerpts from Shifting Lenses

Choreography, Moving Image and Performance: Elise May
Animation:  Paul Van Opdenbosch
Technical Production: Thomas Ash and Kyle Berry
Music: Ólafur Arnalds – Fra upphafi, Alex Mein Smith – Necessity’s Flame

View the full length version of Shifting Lenses here

SHIFTING LENSES - A MARRIAGE OF DANCE & TECHNOLOGY

Article by Matt Chilton

In April 2016, I was lucky enough to catch a video screening of documentation from Shifting Lenses, a solo digital performance installation by May at QUT’s Parer Place in April. The installation was an immersive, engaging experience that was unlike anything I had ever seen before.

I was unsure what to expect as I approached the screening, which could only be viewed at night, the darkness illuminating the projected images. What was projected saw May as a solo silhouette dancing in front of a shifting backdrop. There was a synchronicity between her fluid movements and the digital background.

Through a Masters by research at QUT, May has been investigating the use of technology and dance.

Collaborating with animator Paul Van Opdenbosch, May developed an experimental and embodied practice-led research inquiry that examined interdisciplinary perspectives on the moving image, animation, installation and interactive technology.

The process of collaboration with Van Opdenbosch allowed May to experiment with motion capture technology where she could see her form and movements from any angle, represented digitally in motion capture software. Opdenbosch then created animations from her movement data.

“We were feeding the data from my body into the animation process [to create] these beautifully abstractive sometimes geometric, fluid and twisted shapes and really abstract concepts started coming from the body’s movement,” she explains.

Shifting Lenses incorporated three experimental animations that used XSENS motion capture technology in order to create generative animation outcomes. Van Opdenbosch explained that the suit uses the “same technology as the iPhone. It knows the rotational plane against the Earth’s magnetic core”.

The performance experimented with the concepts of both analogue and digital, in incorporating content that moved both towards and away from technological input.

“For a long time I’ve been interested in film and video making and this kind of marriage of digital technology or video with live body in performance,” says May.

 Elise May  Shifting Lenses  – Photography: Fiona Cullen

Elise May Shifting Lenses – Photography: Fiona Cullen

Ultimately, May created an environment where an augmented reality of merged digital and live worlds encouraged an experience of heightened presence and embodiment through an intimate shared space between the performer and audience.

THE CONCEPT

I was curious to learn from May how she developed the concept for Shifting Lenses. She explained that she wanted to explore screen-based and interdisciplinary approaches to the use of the moving image and digital media in live performance.

While developing a digital element, May was also conscious of not going completely into the realm of technology.

“Trying to move it in both directions, both towards the digital but also back away from the digital,” she explains.

This was clear through the use of both analogue and digital methods. For example, May used an analogue approach through constructing a screen-like space without the use of technology.

Using a tower of mirrors, May was able to create a chronophotographic effect (a set of photographs of a moving object, taken for the purpose of recording and exhibiting successive phases of motion), from video motion capture without any digital input. She explains that the mirrors offered a “splintered, broken down compartmentalised view of the body against a very organic, real, fluid moving body”.

She explains that the mirrors offered a “splintered, broken down compartmentalised view of the body against a very organic, real, fluid moving body”.

The splintered, broken down compartmentalised view of the body against a very organic, real, fluid moving body

 May using mirrors to create a chronophotography effect without the use of technology - Elise May  Shifting Lenses  – Photography: Fiona Cullen

May using mirrors to create a chronophotography effect without the use of technology - Elise May Shifting Lenses – Photography: Fiona Cullen


One of the other sections of Shifting Lenses that May worked on used a piece of software called E-motion. E-motion is a wire frame grid but uses an Xbox Kinect sensor, which uses infrared technology.

Van Opdenbosch explains that “the Xbox sensor uses a depth sensor, so it registers how far away any part of you is from the camera and kind of renders out this grey scale, white’s closest black’s furthest away. The system would basically take her silhouette and move things around it”.

The program tracks the body in space, which allowed May to physically interact with the digital technology in order to affect the shapes, which appeared on a circular screen during her performance

May was interested in creating a similar sensation utilising existing technology and the human body.

“I experimented with this interaction, I wanted to achieve the effect of the body dancing in a duet with technology,” she says.

May explains that the intersection of dance and technology is moving beyond the early stages of experimentation – a body in front of a screen – towards what she perceives to be more exciting, integrated experimentation where dance, video and technology meet.

A CAREER IN DANCE

May realised at a young age that she wanted to pursue a career in dance. “I was really drawn to live performance because of the energy and the tangibility of performance”.

This led May to study a Bachelor of Fine Arts in Dance at QUT. After which she built on her performance and choreography skills as a freelance or independent artist.

In 2008 May joined Expressions Dance Company, where she is still working as a senior dancer. Through both her work in the industry and her innovative research, May believes that the dance industry should look towards combining performance and technology

 May interacting with the digital background – Elise May  Shifting Lenses  – Photography: Fiona Cullen

May interacting with the digital background – Elise May Shifting Lenses – Photography: Fiona Cullen

 May interacting with the digital background – Elise May  Shifting Lenses  – Photography: Fiona Cullen

May interacting with the digital background – Elise May Shifting Lenses – Photography: Fiona Cullen

“There’s more than meets the eye with this and it shouldn’t be viewed as just an outcome. Motion capture technology could be used as part of the training or part of the performance” explains Van Opdenbosch

May understands that digital innovations are changing the landscape of the d

ance industry very quickly. “I wouldn’t want dance or theatre to be left behind because it’s entrenched in a traditional setting, I believe we need to evolve as the context in which our performance exists continues to change”

Her exploration into the marriage of technology and the human body may just be the tip of the iceberg and it’ll be interesting to see how these two fields will intersect in the future.

By Matt Chilton - No Walls QUT Publication here




BACKGROUND - MOTION CAPTURE

Elise teamed up with fellow researcher and animator Paul Van Opdenbosch, to collaborate and experiment across the disciplines of dance and animation. They experimented with the motion capture technology (Xsens inertia-based system) and an optical motion-capture system to capture dance and gestural movement data and bring it into the digital environment where it has been manipulated and become the basis for a series of short experimental , abstract animation works

CONTOURS IN MOTION (With Data Points)

The data points in the following video correspond with the physical form of the human body. In generative animation, the animator uses data to set up ‘rules’ within the virtual environment or 3D space. By taking away the real world physics such as gravity, this cloth-like artifact behaves in a way governed by the data pre-sets and therefore ‘generates’ unexpected animated qualities.

THE ANIMATOR:

“...Building on the observations made in the prototyping section of this creative practice, I decided to retain the captured human dance movement as the sole input affecting the movement and form of the generated artefact by running the system within the void of the virtual 3D space without using any simulated world physics like gravity or a ground for the artefact to interact with. I also created a second version of the animation that visually displayed the captured data points as part of the animation. This animated artwork was presented to the viewer as a means to offer context for the work they were viewing....” PAUL VAN OPDENBOSCH

EXPERIMENT 1 : ABSTRACT ANIMATION USING MOTION CAPTURE

Animation: Paul Van Opdenbosch Choreography: Elise May

After our time logistically working out our collaboration might work, we decided to explore how the data might be interpreted visually. These experiments were our first outcomes in the collaboration process and were a testing ground for what might be possible. This animation is one of the outcome of preliminary experiments through practice aiming to explore the collaboration of a Dancer/choreographer with an Animator, along with enquiry into the intergeneration of motion capture technologies within the work-flow. The animated visuals derived from the motion capture data are not aimed at just re-targeting of movement from one source to another but looks at describing the thought and emotions of the choreographed dance through visual aesthetics.

EXPERIMENT 2 : ABSTRACT ANIMATION USING MOTION CAPTURE

Animation: Paul Van Opdenbosch Choreography: Elise May

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PRACTICE-LED RESEARCH

To view the overarching context of this research, here is a quick snapshot of the many roles of which I have developed throughout my career as a dance artist:

Dancer / Performer / Soloist
Choreographer / Collaborator
Video Artist / Documenter
Independent Artist
Designer / Conceptualiser
Writer / Researcher

My research will be informed by a practice-led enquiry, open to interdisciplinary exchange, drawing on reflective observation and practical investigations in the form of installations, collaborations, screen dance and live performance works.

As a dance practitioner, making a living depends on creative “product” being generated often at the expense of a fully realised creative process. The pressures of the industry including time restraints and funding etc… often necessitate a streamlined approach to the creation of work. One of my research objectives is to lead an investigation which process driven, an opportunity to invite reflection analysis and contextual review into my practice. I am looking to deepen my understanding of the form, my working processes, the industry, modes of creation and the contextual underpinnings of my work. I am interested in being less outcome driven, in terms of presentation and production value, however that said, I hope that the “re-versioned”, multi-faceted
creative works will provide

a) practical contextual application for my research,
b) a body of work which is of high quality, contributes to the growing body of knowledge within the industry and shows clear conceptual innovation and merit.

I am looking towards a sustainable career as an artist, and I would like to find deeper connections to the form, acquire new processes, skills,audiences for my work, and career opportunities through my participation in this research.

 Artist as Bricoleur

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Research Methods

In my research I will draw down on these areas of interest and ongoing development within my practice to guide a practice-led enquiry. As researcher, I will continue to do what I have always done as artist - to interrogate and question my working processes through practice and turn these findings into research:

My research methods will consist of practice-led investigations through my studio practice and contextual reviews. I will site previous relevant research, current and future creative works as ‘case studies’ to ground my investigation and provide a context for my written thesis. I anticipate that my research and written reflection/ analysis will “co-exist” running parallel to my practice, informed by my practical investigations. Likewise I hope that my studio practice will be informed by my research objectives.

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Research Methodologies


I would like to structure my research in such a way that reflection, discussion and articulation of key concepts are built into the process, and that there are points throughout the duration of the research where evaluation and reassessment of the key research objectives are revisited, reviewed and re-framed in order to move forward.

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Reversioning

I am also interested in methods of creation and documentation such as “re-working”, working with a series based approach, or “re-versioning”, a term used to describe a process whereby digital information may be copied from one platform to another without corrupting the original coded content. (Howkins, John (2001) The Creative Economy).

These models invite interdisciplinary and collaborative approaches to dance-based work, but also focus on the empowerment of the artist or creative practitioner, whereby a choreographer can 'up- skill' and diversify their knowledge base in areas where dance & movement knowledge is transferable and is an asset, and can be used to develop an interdisciplinary vocabulary and expand the possible audiences, networks and contexts for their work.

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Choreography and Moving Image

My choreographic practice has always incorporated video and moving image. Intuitively I have been drawn to exploring the ways in which images and the live performative body can co-create meaning.

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The Authenticity Question

I have long felt that there is an element within the contemporary dance form, of the self-indugent. In a reaction against this sensibility that I have witnessed both as audience member and also as performer/ choreographer, I am joining a long list of artists and researchers who have questioned and attempted to reveal the nature of 'authenticity'. I believe there a few different perspectives of this question:

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Intersection Point:

In forming a research question I take these three areas of questioning from my practice, and identify the overlapping concerns. The tiny point of chartered knowledge is what I am referring to as the point of  intersection:

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? = New Knowledge?

This is where I anticipate that I will unearth valuable new perspectives resulting from the multiple lines of questioning triangulated with very individual findings investigated through practice-led enquiry. Furthering this quest for new knowledge, the unique perspectives that will arise from a collaborative process with fellow researcher and animator Paul VanOpdenbosch  will fuel the development of the research.

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Refferences:

Denzin, N & Lincoln Y (2OOO). The Handbook of Qualitative Research. Thousand Oaks, Calif
Gray,C & Malins J (2OO4). Visualising research: a guide to the research process in art & designAldershot, Hants, England: Ashgate
Lazaridis, F. (2O12) Between authenticity and artifice: push 2O12, vancouver realtime + onscreen, open city, Sydney rt1O8 pp12-13
Schon, D (1983). The reflective pratitioner: how professionals think in action. Basic Books, New York
Stock, C.,Philips, M & Vincs, K. (2OO9). Dancing the Thesis: Potential and Pitfalls in Practice-Led Research In Re-Searching Dance: International Conference on Dance Research, New Delhi. pp53-59.
Haseman B. and Mafe, D. (2OO9). Acquiring Know-How: Research Training for Practice-led Researchers. In Smith, H & R.T. Dean (Eds). Research-led practice and practice-led research Edinbururgh University